In the domain of human-machine interaction, the use of teleoperation can serve one or multiple purposes, such as compensating a system’s technical limitations with human oversight or multiplying human skills with the assistance of superhuman machines.

For instance, an autonomous vehicle (AV) is always expected to correctly estimate whether it is safe to drive under the current circumstances. When the autonomous driving mode cannot be enabled, a reliable teleoperation (in the form of remote control) could serve as an alternative to getting the vehicle to its target location or the closest maintenance area, if necessary.

Teleoperation, however, poses a multitude of challenges, related to both technological and human factors. In order to ensure safe movement of a remote vehicle, the operator needs a reliable overview of the vehicle’s surroundings (i.e., a high situational awareness) and responsive controls (e.g., low latency communication).

Karl Kruusamäe

Associate Professor of Robotics Engineering, HVI and Teleoperation Team Lead